Black holes are colossal monsters of the universe with grasps so strong that they even swallow light. There are a variety of black holes roaming in the enormous outer space; some are old, some are new, some are fast, some are slow, some are cannibalistic then some are rough. So, here are most uncanny black holes of the universe.
The Biggest Black Holes
Almost all the galaxies probably hiding gigantic black holes at their cores, which can be millions to billions of times the mass of our average sized star, sun. Recently, scientists found a couple of largest black holes in two known nearby galaxies.
The first galaxy’s name is NGC 3842, the brightest galaxy in the Leo Cluster; almost 320 million light years away which has a central black hole containing 9700 million solar masses. The second one is known as NGC 4889, which is the brightest galaxy in the Coma Cluster and is more than 335 million light years from us, contains a black hole of similar or large mass.
The event horizons of these black holes are almost five times the distance from the sun to Pluto. For differentiation, these black holes are as massive as the Milky Way galaxy’s black hole’s center, whose gravitational range; more clearly even horizon is fifth the Mercury’s orbit.
The Smallest Black Hole
The smallest black hole ever found is less than three times the mass of the sun and the name of this little monster is IGR J17091-3624. It is near the theoretical minimum limit which is needed for a black hole to be stable but as smaller this black hole may be, it looks savage; it is capable of 32 million kph winds which is the fastest yet observed from a stellar-mass black hole by nearly 10 times.
Cannibalistic Black Holes
Black holes named monster eats everything that comes near it, and sometimes some black holes even eat other black holes too. The discovery is first of its kind. Astronomers had observed the last stages of the combining of galaxies of equal mass known as major mergers.
But the minor mergers between galaxies and smaller companions had long eluded researchers. NASA’s investigators detected a couple of black holes at the center of a galaxy using Chandra X-ray Observatory.
The galaxy is NGC 3393 with one black hole about 30 million times the sun’s mass and the other at least one million times the mass of the sun, apart from one another by only about 490 light years away.
Bullet Shooting Black Hole
Black holes are famous for sucking matter. But researchers found a black hole with a strange characteristic. They shot out some of the sucked matter. A black hole which is about five to ten times the mass of the sun, located about 28, 000 light years from our home planet known as H1743-322 pulls off a companion star, then split some of it back out as a giant bullet of gas.
The Oldest Black Hole
ULAS J1120+0641 is the oldest black hole known till now; it is thought that it was born 7700 million years after the big bang occurred; which occurred 13, 700 million years ago. The older age of this black hole actually poses little problems for astronomers. This shiny enigma appears to be 2000 million times the mass of the sun. But it is very difficult to explain how the black hole became massive.
The Brightest Black Hole
Although light cannot escape black holes’ gravitational pulls, they also make up the heart of quasars; the most shining, powerful and energetic objects in the universe. As Supermassive black holes at the galaxy’s center suck in surrounding gas and dust, they can spew out a large amount of energy. 3C273 is the brightest quasar ever seen, which lies about 3000 million light-years away.
Rogue Black Holes
Black holes always have a chance to get kicked away from the site of the crash to roam freely through space, whenever galaxies clashes. SDSSJ0927+2943 is the first rogue black hole approximately 600 million times the mass of the sun.
Middleweight Black Holes
Although middleweight black holes had eluded astronomers for many years, an intermediate black hole is recently been discovered by scientists known as HLX-1 (Hyper-Luminous X-ray Source 1) is almost 290 million light years from earth, which seems to be about 20, 000 solar masses in size.
Fastest Spinning Black Hole
A black hole known as GRS 1915+105 can whirl the material of space around at extraordinary speeds in the constellation Aquila about 35, 000 light tears from earth, is spinning more than 950 times per second.