Being the fourth largest lake in the world, the Aral Sea has been producing tons of fish annually for the local economy. Now, its size is gradually shrinking since the 1960s.
the soviet union began to turn the Uzbek SSR lands into cotton plantation lands as well filed an order to hand-dig irrigation canals for providing waters to crops in the plateau’s middle. These constructed canals move water from Aral feeding rivers, and Darya, and Syr Darya Rivers. All these were stable until the 1960s, when the government thought to expand the canal, draining more water from Aral Sea feeding rivers.
Which is why the Aral Sea is now shrinking pretty fast. At the beginning of the annihilation, it shrunk enough to create a northern lake and a southern lake. The southern lake began evaporating in 2002, creating an eastern lake and a western lake. While, in 2014, the eastern lake completely evaporated and devastated. The cotton became more valuable to the Soviet Union than the backbone of the region that has been contributing to the local economy of the region for decades.
The evaporation of the Aral Sea resulted in the fish production to 1, 000 tons from more than 20, 000 to 40, 000 tons. So, after all, these, are everyone wearing a blindfold and not seeing all these? Well, after the devastated state of the Aral Sea, the Uzbekistan and Kazakhstan kicked the Soviet Union off the board and started working hard for bringing their old buddy back.
Kazakhstan took the first step, creating the Kok-Aral dam on the southern shore of the northern lake. The dam saved a large region of the fish industry and since 2005, the northern lake has grown about 20%; special thanks go to the World Bank.
The foundation of Kamushbosh fish hatchery was the second step taken for the Aral Sea. it was constructed at the northern region of the lake for stocking the northern Aral sea with crap, sturgeon, and flounder.
While they are working hard to revive the Aral Sea but the western sea is still having a poor fate. While the damming of the northern lake sealed the fate of the region, but it will continue to suffer as the western lake vanishes.
The fourth largest lake, the beauty of nature and one of the marks of the earth is now nothing than just a dust bed. The dried region is now filled with just salt and minerals but also a large quantity of DDT that was once largely used by the Soviets.